Bob Budnitz was responsible for research direction analysis at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, where he was the Director Energy & Environment Division.  This included deep-geologic radioactive waste disposal, transportation technology, energy-efficiency, solar energy, geothermal energy, fusion energy, chemical-engineering for alternate fuels, environmental instrumentation, air-pollution phenomena, and energy policy. He also worked Director of the NRC Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, where he was responsible for assuring that all major areas of reactor-safety research, waste-management research, and fuel-cycle-safety research necessary to serve the mission of NRC were adequately supported.  From 20022004 he was responsible for the Science & Technology Program at Yucca Mountain.