What’s New

3 Packs a day: Killer Air in Shenyang

Earlier this month the Shenyang EPA reported the worse levels of air pollution since record keeping began: Estimates varied between 1000 and 1400 micrograms per cubic meter of PM2.5— the fine particulate matter that has deadly health consequences. The US embassy in Shenyang reported “off the chart” recordings. In our recent study in PLOS on […]

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Berkeley Earth Temperature Update

Over the past few days we have been publishing the first major update of our data since early 2015. The data can be found here on our data page. Given the time of year and the wide ranging discussion about whether or not 2014 was a record year, it seemed a good time to asses […]

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Killer Air: Comparing models and data

As the AP  reports  Lelieveld has published a paper in Nature  on the mortality associated with outdoor air pollution that  confirms what BerkeleyEarth found in its study of air pollution in China. By their estimate   ~1.357M deaths in China are caused by air pollution. By our estimate there are ~1.6 Million deaths per year in China […]

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PM2.5: A Tale of Two Days

In our study of air pollution in China, we stumbled upon two extraordinary days.  The first, which we initially thought was a fluke, turned out to be a single day when air pollution across China was more extensive than we had seen in a years worth of data.  It was a mystery until  lead scientist, […]

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May 2020 Temperature Update

As noted above, unusual recent conditions have shifted the current projection for 2020 to be significantly higher than previous projections issued earlier this year.

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April 2020 Temperature Update

As noted above, the current projection for 2020 has shifted significantly higher than previous projections. The resulting ~60% chance of a new record is similar to projections that others have issued for 2020.

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Global Temperature Report for 2019

Berkeley Earth, a California-based non-profit research organization, has been preparing independent analyses of global mean temperature changes since 2013. The following is our report on global mean temperature during 2019. We conclude that 2019 was the second warmest year on Earth since 1850. The global mean temperature in 2019 was colder than 2016, but warmer […]

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November 2019 Temperature Update

The following is a summary of global temperature conditions in Berkeley Earth’s analysis of November 2019. Globally, November 2019 was the second warmest November since records began in 1850. The global mean temperature was 0.88 ± 0.05 °C above the 1951 to 1980 average.  This is equivalent to being 1.26 ± 0.07 °C above the 1850 to 1900 average, […]

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3rd-Party Data Visualizations

The following is a selected list of third-party data visualizations that have used data from Berkeley Earth. Climate Data Data explorer map of past and future temperature change produced by Carbon Brief. Local changes in the number of hot days produced by The New York Times. Temperature change in major cities produced by the BBC. […]

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October 2019 Temperature Update

The following is a summary of global temperature conditions in Berkeley Earth’s analysis of October 2019. Globally, October 2019 was the second warmest October since records began in 1850. The global mean temperature was 0.99 ± 0.06 °C above the 1951 to 1980 average.  This is equivalent to being 1.38 ± 0.07 °C above the 1850 to 1900 average […]

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Global Mean Temperature Anomaly 1850-2018

Global Temperature Report for 2018

Berkeley Earth, a California-based non-profit research organization, has been preparing independent analyses of global mean temperature changes since 2013. The following is our report on global mean temperature during 2018. We conclude that 2018 was likely the fourth warmest year on Earth since 1850. Global mean temperature in 2018 was colder than 2015, 2016, and […]

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Global Temperature Report for 2017

Berkeley Earth, a California-based non-profit research organization, has been preparing independent analyses of global mean temperature changes since 2013. The following is our report on global mean temperature during 2017. We conclude that 2017 was likely the second warmest year on Earth since 1850. Global mean temperature in 2017 was 0.03 °C (0.05 °F) warmer […]

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Horrific air pollution in Europe

Horrific Air Pollution in Europe Reaches 7 cigarettes per day equivalent, a pack a day in India and China It’s winter, and that’s the worst air pollution period for Europe and China. The levels over much of the continent are in the unhealthy range. In the figure we show a map of the pollution of […]

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A second half dip, but 2016 hottest on record

2016 was the warmest year since humans began keeping records, by a wide margin. Global average temperatures were extremely hot in the first few months of the year, pushed up by a large El Nino event. Global surface temperatures dropped in the second half of 2016, yet still show a continuation of global warming. The […]

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Coal in China: Estimating Deaths per GW-year

by Zeke Hausfather Air pollution in China is a critical global health problem, responsible for somewhere between 700,000 and 2.2 million premature deaths annually. The largest single contributor to air pollution-related mortality is particulate matter below 2.5 microns in size, or PM2.5. Exposure to PM2.5 has been found to increase the risk of heart attacks, […]

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SimMod: A simple python based climate model

by: Zeke Hausfather, Berkeley Earth zeke@berkeleyearth.org The relationship between greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and future warming is complex, depending on the atmospheric lifetime of gases, their radiative forcing, and the thermal inertia of the Earth, particularly our oceans. Many non-CO2 GHGs have shorter atmospheric lifetimes, and the global warming-equivalent values commonly used for analysis of emission […]

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Fort McMurray Fires

On May 1, 2016, a fire began southwest of Fort McMurray,  Canada. It swept through the community destroying over 2000 structures. You can read about the latest developments here. Since 2014 Berkeley Earth has been expanding its real time database of air pollution. Our original focus was on China, but we have continued to add other regions of […]

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Air Pollution and Cigarette Equivalence

by Richard A. Muller and Elizabeth A. Muller For many people, comparing air pollution to cigarette smoking is more vivid and meaningful than is citing the numbers of yearly deaths. When we published our scientific paper on air pollution in China in August 20151, we were surprised by the attention we got for a quick […]

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Nature Not NOAA Ended the Slowdown
in Temperatures

By Zeke Hausfather In recent weeks we’ve seen a political controversy over NOAA’s adjustments to temperature records, with accusations from some in congress that records are being changed to eliminate a recent slowdown in warming and to lend support to Obama administration climate policies. This makes it sound like the NOAA record is something of […]

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Whither the pause? NOAA report shows no recent slowdown in warming

Mountains of ink have been spilled in recent years on whether or not global warming has paused or slowed down. We’ve discussed it extensively in the past, and numerous studies have examined whether the apparent pause might have been caused by additional ocean heat uptake, small volcanoes, a weak solar cycle, poor arctic coverage in existing datasets, and\or a […]

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Understanding Adjustments to
Temperature Data

There has been much discussion of temperature adjustment of late in both climate blogs and in the media, but not much background on what specific adjustments are being made, why they are being made, and what effects they have. Adjustments have a big effect on temperature trends in the U.S., and a modest effect on […]

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